You might have heard of the name shingles when you came to the doctor to consult painful rashes, but this is a more serious form of infection that regular heat rash because it is caused by a varicella-zoster virus that is also part of the same type of virus responsible for chickenpox.
What is Shingles?
If you have had chickenpox in the past, the virus can lie dormant in our body and reappear as shingles years later. Some individuals who have had vaccines against shingles can still experience them, although the rashes will not be as painful as without the vaccine. If left untreated, shingles can cause complications and infections, but it is not necessarily a life-threatening disease. Shingles is not contagious, but the virus can be passed to other people especially if there are members of the family who have not yet developed a resistance against chickenpox. If you have had chickenpox before, this is also not a guarantee that you will not get shingles, because these are caused by different viruses although they belong in the same group.
What are the Symptoms?
Shingles exhibits the same symptoms as chickenpox, such as red rashes, pain or numbness all over the body, appearance of blisters with fluids or crusted blisters when they are broken, itching, fever, headache, fatigue, and sensitivity to light. There are some people, however, who experience the other symptoms without the any rashes appearing on the body. Sometimes, the rashes only appear on one side or one area of the body.
What are the Treatments?
If the rashes are very painful and if they appear on different parts of the body, you need to consult a doctor. People with weak immune systems due to other conditions and the elderly must also seek treatment. If the rashes also appear near the eyes, it must be treated by a doctor to prevent complications and infections that could potentially damage the eyesight. If the severe symptoms are left untreated, the person will likely lose his/her vision, experience postherpetic neuralgia or pain in the damaged nerve fibers, encephalitis, hearing problems, facial paralysis, balance problems, and skin infections. There is no cure for shingles, but the doctor might recommend medications for the pain and to avoid complications.
What are the Vaccines?
Fortunately, there are ways to prevent shingles or lessen the symptoms and course of the condition if you do get them; these are chickenpox and shingles vaccines. The former is called varicella vaccine which is available in Singapore as part of the routine vaccination of children, while the shingles vaccine or varicella-zoster vaccine is also given to children and the elderly aged 50 years and above who were not given the vaccine. For those who still get shingles even after being vaccinated, the condition should only last for a maximum of 6 weeks, but it is also possible to experience it more than once.
With all the new trends and fitness programs available today for everyone, it’s almost a sin to stay unhealthy and inactive. For some people, staying fit means not just losing weight, but also building muscle mass and sculpting the body. Bodybuilding for example has been known to change the body’s composition, making it leaner and stronger even as you age.
But is bodybuilding for everyone? And are there precautions that need to be taken when starting a bodybuilding routine?
You Need to Remember the Goal of Bodybuilding
The core element of bodybuilding is the same throughout the training regardless of the level of the trainee. Its primary goal is to build muscles naturally through training, proper nutrition, and supplementation. While teens aged 16 years and above can start bodybuilding, they need to be carefully guided by an expert trainer to avoid injuries and health complications, because their bodies are still developing.
The fitness regimen of a beginner will of course be different from experienced trainees who compete in bodybuilding contests. Several studies, however, show that even if bodybuilding can make your muscles and bone stronger, there is a risk of reducing heart health over the years. But this scenario happens only when your bodybuilding routine is intense and extreme.
You Need to Understand Your Body
As a beginner, you will not only have to make significant changes in your lifestyle, but you also need the patience to see actual results. The training regimen will be different for every person depending on the age and overall health. It will take years of consistent training and discipline for others to improve their mass, strength, and tone, but the trainer also needs to consider the risk of injuries, especially if the trainee is still young.
There are cases among a few bodybuilders who developed body dysmorphic disorder, causing them to think that they are not lean or muscular enough. This is rare, but trainees should be aware of the risks.
You Need to Follow a Strict Diet
The training is the least difficult part for beginners, because significant changes in the diet need commitment and discipline. The diet that will be recommended to a beginner will allow them to cut fat and gain muscle mass at the same time, but this can be complicated for younger trainees who still need calories and proteins to develop their bodies.
Teenagers for example, are recommended to eat a balanced meal consisting of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and lean proteins. They can still eat refined sugars and processed food, but they should always choose healthier alternatives. Supplements are not recommended for young trainees because their bodies are still developing, and the long-term health effects could be detrimental.
Overall, bodybuilding is a beneficial fitness routine if your training routine and diet are appropriate for your age and experience. However, knowing the risks of overtraining, overexertion, and the use of supplements can help you make better choices to avoid such injuries and health problems.
Unlike older children, infants cannot tell you if they’re not feeling well. However, you will see signs that will tell you something’s not right with the child. Look out for the following warning signs that indicate the infant needs medical attention right away.
An infant with a fever higher than 104° F or 40° C should be taken to the hospital, especially if the accompanying symptoms are worrisome; such as breathing difficulties, nonstop crying, vomiting, seizures, and unresponsiveness. Although fever in young children can be managed at home, a baby’s immune system is still maturing, making it difficult for them to handle any disease without help. You should also take the baby to the hospital if the fever has not improved for days or if the medication has no effect.
Mild cuts and scratches are nothing to worry about, but the child should be taken to the hospital if there is profuse bleeding for more than 15 minutes, exposed bone, and open flesh. Frequent bleeding even from minor injuries and slow healing ability should also be warning signs that the child might have a more serious health issue. Injuries from falls can also be managed at home, except when you see the following signs: vomiting, lethargy, loss of balance, stomachache, and bruising, especially on the head.
Diarrhea and/or Vomiting
Diarrhea and/or vomiting can be a symptom for several diseases, but if the incident is managed at home, there is no need to bring the child to the hospital. However, prolonged vomiting and/or diarrhea can lead to dehydration and serious complications. Bring the child to the nearest hospital if you see the following warning signs: inability to pee for the past six hours, inability to keep food and drink down, blood in the vomit or a bloody stool, tearless crying, clammy skin, and a soft spot on the child’s head that looks sunken.
Common colds are harmless and can be treated at home, but you should watch out for signs that show the baby has difficulty breathing, or choking, wheezing, making high-pitched noises while breathing, has chest retractions, and if the baby turns blue or stops breathing. These could be symptoms that the child has asthma or a respiratory infection.
Seizures and Loss of Consciousness
Some children suffer from febrile seizures, but it’s mostly harmless unless it’s caused by a serious illness. It’s important to get a proper diagnosis during the first occurrence to determine the cause. Call emergency if the seizure lasts for more than 5 minutes or if the child suddenly goes limp or stiff, the eyes roll back, and the body starts jerking.
One of the holy grail of one’s makeup routine is the foundation. Whether it’s in powder form or in liquid, we depend on it to hide whatever it is that we need to hide. But, most of the good, or probably the best, foundations out there in the market cost a lot. So, here are the best, probably, foundations for $50.00 or less.
Cover FX Total Cover Cream Foundation ($28.00)
Cover FX’s foundation is quite a steal. This foundation does not only work as a it is but it also works as a concealer and a highlighter. You can also use this for contouring. It is convenient, it’s in stick form so you don’t have to worry about bringing bulky makeup around if ever you have to travel. This is good for any skin type because it’s fragrance and talc free and good for the body because it doesn’t have any paraben and sulphates. It’s also vegan-friendly.
Alima Pure Satin Matte Foundation ($49.00 for 6.5g)
I bet you haven’t heard of this brand before, but if you’re a frequent Sephora customer, this would probably ring a bell. Alima Pure’s Satin Matte Foundation is also performing well and hard in the makeup game, with its hypoallergenic formula, it’s safe for any skin type, even on sensitive skin. This is good for all-day wear since it’s in powder form and it’s matte, good for a humid climate like Singapore’s.
NYX Professional Makeup Total Control Drop Foundation ($26.00 for 13ml)
If you’re having a hard time looking for your exact shade, trust NYX on this. Their Total Control Drop Foundation is available in thirty shades and all you have to do is match. It has a soft matte finish, gives you a dewy and glowing skin, and it’s buildable, you don’t have to worry about this failing you in the middle of the day. This drop foundation from NYX also comes in a glass bottle, boujee for a drugstore brand makeup.
TheBalm Photo Balm Powder Foundation ($19.00)
If you’re not a big fan of liquid foundations, or you just want a powder and foundation in one, or you just want something cheap, then theBalm’s Photo Balm Powder Foundation is good for you. Available in seven shades, this is also perfect for the Singaporean weather for its matte finish. This is talc-free, so it’s safe for sensitive skin.
Urban Decay Naked Skin – One & Done Complexion Cream ($50.00)
From one of makeup’s wall of fame members, Urban Decay’s One & Done Complexion Cream finishes the job. Available in six shades, you can use this alone or as a primer. It’s oil-free, it nourishes and has SPF 20, definitely Urban Decay got you covered. Truly one & done!
On a tight budget but you have to replenish your makeup supply? Or you want to try something new but you only have $40 in your pocket? Or you want to maximize your $40 for a good performing makeup? Well, this is what you’ve been looking for! Here’s (probably) the best eye makeup under $40, from the prep stage to the finishing touches.
Tired of wearing falsies (false eyelashes)? You should get Too Faced’s Better Than Sex Waterproof Mascara ($ 35.00 for full size [8ml]). It’s not just waterproof, as the name says it, it’s also sweat-proof, so your lashes can easily transition from work to play in no time! It is formulated with collagen and it is free of paraben, sulphate, and phthalates.
Another waterproof product we have is from Tarte. The Kitten Liquid Eyeliner ($ 31.00, 1.4ml in black) is waterproof, smudge-proof (even on oily skin), and it dries quickly, assuring you that you can finish your makeup in time (since there will be no mess) and you wouldn’t look like a panda after a few hours! This is the only eyeliner that I know of that contains glycerin to moisturize the lash area. The cute kitten peeking on the eyeliner cover also caught my attention.
Highlight and Primer
Spent the whole night studying for next day’s exam or cramming that paperwork for tomorrow’s performance report and never get the chance to catch a wink? With these highlighters and primer, you could fool everyone into thinking you actually had a good night’s rest. If you’re a fan of highlighters, you should get Tarte’s Fake Awake Eye Highlight ($ 31.00). It’s a gel-based highlighter so it’s perfect for any skin type. It’s also vegan-friendly.
If you’re not familiar with highlighters, you can use Urban Decay’s Anti-ageing Eyeshadow Primer Potion ($ 38.00 in full size). You can use this alone or put eyeshadow on it (it makes the eyeshadow colours more vibrant than ever). This does not only makes you look awake, but it also decreases the fine lines of your eyelids.
For us girls, our brows are our life. We always make sure our brows are on fleek before we close the door behind us and conquer the day. Zoeva’s Graphic Brow Fix ($ 20.00 for 4.5 ml) perfectly puts brows in place. The good thing about this product is that your brows will look filled and natural. It also lasts the whole day! It’s available in three different shades of brown so there’s a lot to choose from.
Your eye makeup will not be complete without any eyeshadows on. Try Tarte’s Tartelette Flirt Eyeshadow Palette ($ 35.00). It includes six highly pigmented eyeshadows, both in matte and metallic shades. This palette is perfect for a work-to-play smokey eye look.